How To Make Your Own Batik: 3 Ways to Batik

How to Make Your Own Batik: 3 Ways to Make Batik

Batik, which originated in Indonesia, is an art form that utilizes a wax-resist dyeing technique to color cloth. Batik is one of the finest traditional handicrafts. UNESCO has designated Indonesian batik and ikat as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity on November 30th, 2009.

How To Make Your Own Batik: 3 Ways to Batik


3 Main Techniques of Making Your Own Batik

Wax-resist dyeing is a technique used in the Indonesian art form of batik to color textiles. One of the best traditional crafts is batik. Because they still involve the use of wax in the manufacturing process, the batik tulis and batik cap techniques are recognized by UNESCO as a Masterpiece of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity from Indonesia. With the advancement of technology, a third way to create batik has also emerged, in which the batik pattern is directly printed using either a machine or a human screen-printing technique.

Method 1 - Batik Tulis

How To Make Your Own Batik: 3 Ways to Batik - Batik Tulis


Batik tulis, in which the wax is written or drawn (tulis) onto a length of fabric, is the oldest type of batik production in Indonesia. The fabric is carefully cleaned before being thoroughly kneaded and dried. The wax is then prevented from permeating the fabric fibers by applying oil and a paste prepared from rice or cassava. There are various steps involved in the pattern-making process.

Mencanting is the first step in the design process, during which wax designs are often applied to the fabric using a traditional tool called a canting. It is a tool with a wooden handle and a little metal cup containing melted wax. The wax is heated before being dragged or dripped onto the fabric from the canting spout. Beeswax has long been used as the wax, or malam in Javanese. It guards against the fabric's chosen waxed sections being colored during the dying process.

The cloth is colored during the second phase, known as mewarna, by utilizing natural dyes, frequently derived from plants, to color the fabric. Throughout this procedure, the waxed portions are shielded and kept dye-free.

To avoid melting the wax, the fabric is then washed in lukewarm water.

It takes multiple iterations of the waxing and dying procedure, along with drying, color-fixing, and washing, to apply each color of the design and create the desired pattern.

Method 2 - Batik Cap

How To Make Your Own Batik: 3 Ways to Batik - Batik Cap


Indonesian batik caps came into being as a result of industrialization at the turn of the 20th century. Instead of hand-drawing the wax patterns onto the fabric, the batik cap uses a copper stamp to apply them. Similar to block printing, the stamps are created in a variety of patterns and repeatedly applied to the cloth throughout the surface. Although batik cap is simpler and less expensive to make than batik tulis, some batik artisans may use batik cap for the fabric's main pattern and utilize batik tulis for little details.

Method 3 - Batik Print

How To Make Your Own Batik: 3 Ways to Batik - Batik Print

(Source: BatikBedjo)

Making batik through printing or screen printing is known as batik printing. The public is well familiar with batik because of batik printing. Nonetheless, the existence of batik printing attracts a variety of advantages and disadvantages. This is due to the fact that batik printing is not often regarded as batik fabric.

But, on the other hand, the existence of batik printing is a requirement where the printing industry is currently made possible by changes in cultural values, technology, and science, as well as the desire and encouragement of the people.

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